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As a multi-ethnic country, Vietnam has 54 recognised ethnic groups, 53 of which are ethnic minorities (EMs). These groups comprise an estimated 14.1 million people or around 14.7% of the country’s total population of some 96 million. Each EM group has its own distinct language, culture và traditions. The term “ethnic minorities” is often used interchangeably with “Indigenous Peoples” by international agencies working in Vietnam.

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Indigenous World 2019: Vietnam

Written on 24 April 2019. Posted in Vietnam

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As a multi-ethnic country, Vietnam has 54 recognised ethnic groups, 53 of which are Ethnic Minority (EM) groups.

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The Indigenous World 2021: Vietnam

Written on 18 March 2021. Posted in Vietnam

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As a multi-ethnic country, Vietnam has 54 recognized ethnic groups, 53 of which are Ethnic Minority (EM) groups. These groups comprise an estimated 14.1 million people or around 14.7% of the country’s total population of about 96 million. Each EM group has its own distinct language, culture và traditions. The term “ethnic minorities” is often used interchangeably with “Indigenous Peoples” by international agencies working in Vietnam.

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All EM have Vietnamese citizenship, và Vietnam’s constitution recognizes that all people have equal rights. Among EM communities, there is a higher proportion of peoples living in poverty. Multidimensional poverty rates in the Northern Mountains and Central Highlands regions, where the majority of EM live, is more than two times higher than the national average. The proportion of people without education certificates in EM groups is double that of the Kinh và Hoa (Chinese-Vietnamese) ethnic groups. In addition, the gaps in income và expenditure between the EM & Kinh and Hoa people have widened over recent years.

Vietnam is a member of seven out of nine bộ vi xử lý core international human rights instruments & continues lớn consider the possibility of accession lớn the International Convention for the Protection of all Persons from Enforced Disappearances (CPED) & the International Convention on the Protection of all Rights of Migrant Workers và their families (ICRMW). Vietnam has not ratified ILO Convention No.169 and, although Vietnam voted in favour of the UNDRIP, it does not recognize ethnic minorities as Indigenous Peoples.